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Re: [escepticos] spyware

Introducimos los términos "spyware" y "definition" el el buscador google
y en la primera entrada
te define spyware en inglés:

A technology that assists in gathering information about a person or
organization without their knowledge. On the Internet, "spyware is programming
that is put in someone's computer to secretly gather information about the user
and relay it to advertisers or other interested parties." As such, spyware is
cause for public concern about privacy on the Internet. 

See Also: cookie 
NetLingo Classification: Net Technology

Término similar es adware. Hacemos lo mismo que con el anterior.
En la 5ª entrada obtenemos

What is Adware?
AdWare is a special type of software carrying advertisement such as banners and
opened web pages. Like shareware users can remove the advertisement components
by registering (paying) for the Adware. Adware is not Freeware. The "price"
that you pay for adware is a little screen real estate and a potential
distraction from your work. 

Some software authors use ad drivers from one of the following companies: 
-Conducent's TimeSink 
-Cydoor's Adware (CD_LOAD) 
-Radiate's V3 Adware 

En la 8ª entrada obtenemos mas tipos de  -ware y se discute el hecho de que sea

"From the alt.comp.freeware F.A.Q. 

Freeware is programming that is offered for your use at no cost (monetary or
otherwise) and which you may use for as long as you wish. However, it is
usually copyrighted so that you can't incorporate its programming into anything
you may be developing.
    At one time, "freeware" was a trademark of Andrew Fluegelman, the author of
the well-known MS-DOS communication program PC-TALK III. The trademark wasn't
enforced after his mysterious disappearance and presumed death in 1984 (how
    The least restrictive examples of freeware are uncopyrighted programs in
the public domain.
    Free software is often written by enthusiasts and distributed by users'
groups, or via electronic mail, local bulletin boards, Usenet (in a binary post
newsgroup like alt.binaries.freeware, NOT alt.comp.freeware) or other
electronic media.
    Freeware is what the name says - there is no cost attached to it. It is
simply written by generous people whose main rewards are the satisfaction of
knowing that they are both helping other people and making other people happy! 

The following are not considered freeware either in the purest sense or by

Adware - software that has advertising for other products and/or services built
into it. The "price" you pay for the software is having to give up some of your
screen real estate (and your attention) for the advertising. Adware is often
discussed in alt.comp.freeware. 

Commercial Software - obviously, but I just thought I'd mention it anyway. The
discussion of commercial software is not appropriate in alt.comp.freeware. 

Donationware - Payment for the software is completely optional. Sometimes the
author wants you to send a sum of money to support one or more of their
favorite causes. Donationware is infrequently discussed in alt.comp.freeware.
You just don't see a lot of it. 

Postcardware - not considered freeware because the author wants you to send
them a postcard as the price of using the software. The cost is the postcard.
It's not to much to ask for their effort and usually, it's optional anyway.
Thus, this category is very close to being freeware and discussing it is not
frowned upon in alt.comp.freeware. 

Shareware - or "try before you buy" is obviously not freeware since ultimately
you are supposed to pay for  the software. The discussion of shareware is not
appropriate in alt.comp.freeware. There are several kinds of shareware:

Crippleware - limited in the amount of  features available. Purchasing the
software removes these limitations and renders the software fully functional.
Not the same as trialware, since you can save and print. 
Nagware - there is a popup (nag) screen at program startup, exhorting you to
purchase the software. There's nothing wrong with this; the software author has
a perfect right to solicit payment for his/her software if they so choose. 
Time limited - Also considered by some to be trialware (see below), some of the
features or the entire program becomes unusable after a period of time. 
Spyware - "free" software that installs components on your computer which allow
companies and/or individuals to access your hard drive or spy on your surfing
habits. The cost you pay is your privacy and/or security. It's often discussed
in alt.comp.freeware, usually in a negative context. 

Trialware - Usually commercial software that is limited in the ability to save
and/or print. The intention of the author is that you learn what the program
can do and how to use it so that you will then purchase the unlimited
commercial version. The discussion of trialware is not appropriate in

Viruses or virus authoring software - Software that either is or makes
malicious programming. It is highly inappropriate to discuss viruses or virus
authoring software in alt.comp.freeware. 

Warez - also known as pirated software, cracked software etc. Use of warez is
usually a felony, (at least in the U.S.) where you can be punishable by a large
fine and prison time if you are caught. It is highly inappropriate to discuss
warez in alt.comp.freeware. Warez is:

Commercial software or shareware which has had the registration codes bypassed
(cracked), or other security features breached (time limits, feature limits,
Software designed to be used for cracking. 
Serial numbers for unpurchased shareware or commercial software. 


Orphanware -
This is one category of software that has a broader context. Orphanware is
software that is no longer supported or offered to the public by the original
author or company. Some people have saved the original compressed download
somewhere and occasionally will make it available if asked. This is orphanware.
    Sometimes offering it is okay to do and sometimes it isn't. The main
instance where making orphanware available is not okay is when the product has
been improved and changed from freeware to shareware. Then the freeware version
was removed from availability because it would compete with the newer version. 

Be careful about copyright infringement when using orphanware. "

espero que te hayas aclarado un poco.


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